Tier 2 Overview: Academic - Social Emotional - Behavioral
Given that 80% of students are likely to be successful with effective Tier 1 support, it is expected that some students will need additional and/or different support. Targeted Tier 2 interventions are supplemental and provided in addition to Tier 1. For example, a student who receives a Tier 2 intervention for reading should never be pulled out of core reading instruction for the intervention. Targeted Tier 2 interventions must be matched to student needs and characteristics. Tier 2 support should be consistent and implemented in a standard protocol way to the group of students with similar needs, allowing for quick access as soon as a need is identified. Generally speaking, Tier 2 interventions can be delivered by any staff trained to implement the intervention with fidelity. This means the staff delivering the intervention should have the time in their schedule to both deliver the targeted supports as well as analyze the data.
At Tier 2, data is used continuously to make decisions about both student response to the intervention, as well as effectiveness of the intervention. Before implementing the intervention, decision rules about entry into, matching, and exit out of the intervention are established. With regards to behavior needs, the behavior function data guides the matching process. Graphed progress monitoring and fidelity data inform decisions about continuation or changes in support answering questions such as- Are we implemented as intended? Are most students on track to meeting their goals? Or are most students not making progress? How is each individual student doing?
Implementation of Tier 2 is context dependent and therefore differs somewhat across the grade span due to both organizational and student differences. With effective implementation of Tiers 1 and 2, we reduce the number of students who need more intensive support, thus conserving resources to be able to meet the needs of all.
Learn More About Tier 2
If you're interested in improving your school's implementation of Tier 2, be sure to check out BRIDGE-RI's strand of courses devoted to this topic. Beginning with the Tier 2 Overview course, you'll learn more about the practices, data, and systems needed to support an effective Tier 2. See all current Tier 2 course offerings. Please note that you must have an account with BRIDGE-RI to enroll in courses. Sign up today - it's free and easy!